Izindaba Zemboni

Umkhakha wezimboni uhola umhlaba ngenani lokukhipha

2020-05-10
Ngemuva kweminyaka engaphezu kwengxenye yentuthuko, imboni yokufa nokubumbela yaseChina yathuthuka kakhulu futhi yathuthuka ngokushesha. Ngokuvamile, ukuthuthukiswa komklamo wokufa kanye nobuchwepheshe bokukhiqiza eChina kudlule esigabeni sokukhiqizwa kwemisebenzi yezandla, ukuthuthukiswa okusheshayo kokukhiqiza kwezimboni, isigaba somncintiswano womkhiqizo kanye nesigaba somncintiswano womkhiqizo wanamuhla.



Ngokuthuthukiswa komkhakha wezimoto ngamaphesenti angaphezu kwama-20, inani lamabhizinisi afayo nemikhiqizo efayo engena emkhakheni wezimoto likhuphuke kakhulu uma liqhathaniswa nonyaka owedlule. Amabhizinisi wezimoto abuye abeke phambili izidingo eziphakeme zekhwalithi yemikhiqizo yokufa, okwenza amabhizinisi okufa afinyelele ezithuthukisweni futhi athuthukisa njalo amazinga. Ngasikhathi sinye, ngenxa yokukhula okukhulu kokuthunyelwa ngaphandle, futhi kukhuthaza kakhulu ukwenziwa ngcono kwezinga lokufa.



Ngokwemininingwane yeNational Bureau of Statistics, inani eliphelele lokukhiqizwa kwemboni yokubumba yaseChina lenyuke lisuka kuma-136.731 billion yuan ngonyaka we-2010 laya ku-250.994 billion yuan ngonyaka we-2017. Ngo-2016, ukukhiqizwa kwesikhunta kwaseChina kwakucishe kube ngamasethi ayizigidi eziyi-17.23, okungama-0.5% ngaphansi kwenkathi efanayo ngonyaka owedlule.



Shintsha Umkhondo Wokukhishwa Kwezimboni Yezimboni Zomkhiqizo ngonyaka we-2010-2017



Ngokombiko wokuhlaziywa kwe-China Mold Industry Development Prospect Forecast kanye ne-Investment Strategic Planning ekhishwe yiProspective Industry Research Institute, kukhona amafektri angama-30,000 okubumba nezisebenzi ezingaba yisigidi eChina. Ngo-2016, ukuthengiswa okuphelele kwama-isikhunta eChina kufinyelele kuma-yuan ayizigidi eziyizinkulungwane ezingama-180. Kusukela ngo-2013 kuya ku-2015, izinga lokukhula kwamakhompiyutha lonyaka lokuthengiswa okuphelele kokufelwa nokubumba eChina kufinyelele ku-6.1%. Kulinganiselwa ukuthi ukuthengiswa okuphelele kokufa nokubumba eChina kuzofinyelela kuma-200 ezigidi zama-yuan ngonyaka we-2018 kanye nama-218,8 billion we-yuan ngonyaka ka-2020.



Ukuvezwa Komkhondo Wokuthengisa Okuphelele Kwezimfa Nezimfene eChina kusuka ngo-2013 kuya ku-2020



I-China, i-United States, iJapan, iJalimane, iSouth Korea kanye ne-Italy yibona abakhiqiza umhlaba phambili ngokukhiqiza imijovo yokulimaza nokugunda isikhunta. Phakathi kwazo, inani lokukhiqiza lase-China lokukhiqiza liphezulu kakhulu emhlabeni. Uma siqhathanisa futhi sihlaziya ukusatshalaliswa kweMakethe yokufa emazweni amakhulu akhiqiza umhlaba, imfuno yezimboni zezimoto yiyona enkulu kunazo zonke, ebalwa cishe ngama-34%; isidingo somboni we-elekthronikhi cishe singama-28%; isidingo somkhakha we-IT cishe sizi-12%; isidingo somkhakha wezimpahla zasendlini cishe singu-9%; ukufunwa kwemboni ye-OA automation cishe ku-4%; ukufunwa kwemboni ye-semiconductor cishe ku-4%; kanti isidingo kwezinye izimboni cishe simi ku-9%.



Yize imboni yaseChina yokufa neyokubumba ingenele umzila wokuthuthuka osheshayo, namanje ayinakuhlangabezana nezidingo zentuthuko yezimboni zaseChina ngenxa yegebe elikhulu ngokunemba, impilo, umjikelezo wokukhiqiza nomthamo uma uqhathaniswa nezinga lamazwe omhlaba kanye namazwe athuthukile ezimboni. Ikakhulu emkhakheni wokucaca, okukhulu, okuyinkimbinkimbi nokuphila okude, kufa kwesidingo. Ngakho-ke, inani elikhulu lokungeniswa liyadingeka minyaka yonke.